Structure-function analysis of lipid binding proteins
from parasitic helminthes


Team of work

Franchini, Gisela Raquel
Principal Investigator
gfranchini@gmail.com

Córsico, Betina
Investigator
bcorsico@med.unlp.edu.ar
Bélgamo, Julián A.
Research Fellow
belgamojulian@gmail.com
Giorello, Alejandra N. 
Research Fellow
nahiligiorello@gmail.com
Rodríguez, Santiago  
Intern
Lombardo, José  
Intern
Lang, Daiana
Dissertation Student
   


Collaborators from other institutions

International

Estévez, Adriana.
Sección Bioquímica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de la República, Montevideo, Uruguay.

Ferreira, Ana M.
Cátedra de Inmunología, Facultad de Ciencias/Facultad de Química, Universidad de la República (UdelaR), Montevideo, Uruguay.

Ferreyra, Henrique
Centro de Biotecnología and Departamento de Biología Molecular e Biotecnología, Universidad Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brasil.

Kennedy, Malcolm W.
Institute of Molecular, Cell and Systems Biology, Glasgow University, Glasgow, Escocia.

Smith, Brian O. 
Institute of Molecular, Cell and Systems Biology, Glasgow University, Glasgow, Escocia.

Zaha, Arnaldo. 
Centro de Biotecnología and Departamento de Biología Molecular e Biotecnología, Universidad Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brasil. 


National

Costabel, Marcelo

Grupo de Biofísica, Departamento de Física, Universidad Nacional del Sur (UNS), Bahía Blanca, Argentina.


Radman, Nilda

Cátedra de Parasitología Comparada, Facultad de Cs. Veterinarias, UNLP, La Plata, Argentina.

Rosenzvit, Mara 

Instituto de Investigaciones en Microbiología y Parasitología Médica (IMPaM), Facultad de Medicina, (UBA-CONICET), Buenos Aires, Argentina.


Line overview

Helminth parasites produce and secrete a great variety of lipid binding proteins (LBPs) that are structurally distinct from those of their hosts. Cestodes and parasitic nematodes present a restricted lipid metabolism, sometimes lacking complete pathways required for the synthesis of fatty acids and sterols, and must acquire simple and complex lipids from their hosts. Although their specific function is still unknown, LBPs from parasites are thought to participate in the acquisition of lipids from their hosts. It is also postulated that LBPs might interfere in the regulation of the host´s immune response by sequestering signalling molecules. 
The general aims of this line of investigation are dedicated to explore the structure and biophysical properties of these LBPs that are exclusively found in these organisms and are potentially involved in their survival. Knowing more about the structure of these proteins as well as their interactions with ligands and membranes, is important to understand host-parasite interactions that they could mediate. On the other hand, these studies will contribute with further knowledge about the mechanisms of helminth infection and the role that these proteins play in helminths biology. Moreover, this information would be useful in the establishment of new therapeutics and prevention of the diseases caused by these parasites.
We are currently working with four important types of LBPs from parasites with global and local epidemiological importance (Ascaris summ, A. lumbricoides, Necator americanus, Echinococcus granulosus): 

a) Fatty acid and retinol binding proteins (FARs) with a structure that has no known counterpart and are exclusively found in nematodes;

b) Nematodes polyprotein allergens (NPAs) also unique to nematodes are synthesized as large precursors comprising tandemly repeated units that are cleaved posttranslationally into multiple ~15 kDa protein units;

c) Relatives of the Fatty Acid Binding Proteins (FABPs) family, found in both, cestodes and some structurally modified in ways that are unique to nematodes;

d) Antigen B, a member of a new family of hydrophobic ligand binding proteins (HLBPs) from cestodes.

Publications

  • Echinococcus granulosus Antigen B binds to monocytes and macrophages modulating cellresponse to inflammation. Parasites and vectors.
    Silva, V; Folle, A; Ramos. A; Kitano, E; Iwai, L; Corraliza, I; Córsico, B; Ferreira, A.
    2016. Londres: BIOMED CENTRAL LTD, vol. 9, n° 69, p. 1350-1357. ISSN 1756-3305

  • Diversity in the structures and ligand-binding sites of nematode fatty acid and retinol-binding proteins revealed by Na-FAR-1 from Necator americanus.
    Rey, M. F; Ibañez Shimabukuro, M; Gabrielsen, M; Franchini, G. R; Aj, R; Griffiths, K; Zhan, B; Cooper, A; Kennedy, M. W; Córsico, B; Smith, B. O.
    2015.
    Biochemical Journal, Londres: PORTLAND PRESS LTD, vol. 471, p. 403-414. ISSN 0264-6021


  • Lipid-free antigen B subunits from Echinococcus granulosus: oligomerization, ligand binding, and membrane interaction properties. 
    Silva-Álvarez, V; Franchini, G. R; Pórfido, J. L; Kennedy, M. W; Ferreira, A. M; Córsico, B. 
    2015. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 9(3): e0003552, doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0003552


  • Echinococcus granulosus antigen B: a Hydrophobic Ligand Binding Protein at the host-parasite interface. 
    Silva-Álvarez, V; Folle, A. M; Ramos, A. L; Zamarreño, F; Costabel, M. D; García-Zepeda, E; Salinas, G; Córsico, B; Ferreira, A. M. 
    2015.Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 93: 17-23, doi: 10.1016/j.plefa. 2014.09.008


  • Characterization of fatty acid binding and transfer from Δ98Δ, a functional all-β abridged form of IFABP. 
    Rodriguez Sawicki, L; Guerbi, M. X; Falomir Lockhart, L. J; Curto, L; Delfino, J.M; Córsico, B; Franchini, G. R. 
    2014. Biochimica et Biophysica acta-molecular and cell biology of lipids., Amsterdam: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV,. vol. 1841, p. 1733-1740. ISSN 1388-1981

  • IFABP portal region insertion during membrane interaction depends on phospholipid composition.
    De Gerónimo, E; Rodriguez Sawicki, L; Bottasso, N; Franchini, G. R; Zamarreño, F; Costabel, M. D; Córsico, B; Falomir.Lockhart, L. J. 
    2014. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta-Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids., Amsterdam: ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV, 2014 - . vol. 1841, p. 141-150. ISSN 1388-1981

  • The unusual lipid binding proteins of parasitic helminths and their potential roles in parasitism and as therapeutic targets.
    Franchini, G. R; Porfido, J; Ibañez Shimabukuro, M; Rey Burusco, F; Belgamo, J; Smith, B. O; Kennedy, M. W; Córsico, B.
    2014. Prostaglandins Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids. , Amsterdam: ELSEVIER SCI LTD,. vol. 1841, p. 1733-1740. ISSN 0952-3278


  • Resonance assignment of As-p18, a fatty acid binding protein secreted by developing larvae of the parasitic nematode Ascaris suum. 
    Ibáñez-Shimabukuro, M; Rey-Burusco, M. F; Cooper, A; Kennedy, M. W; Córsico, B; Smith, B. O. 
    2014. Biomol NMR Assign. 8(1): 33-6, 2014. doi: 10.1007/s12104-012-9447-1

  • ¹H, ¹³C and ¹⁵N chemical shift assignments of Na-FAR-1, a helix-rich fatty acid and retinol binding protein of the parasitic nematode Necator americanus
    Rey-Burusco, M. F; Ibañez-Shimabukuro, M; Cooper, A; Kennedy, M. W; Córsico, B; Smith, B. O. 
    2014. Biomol NMR Assign. 8(1): 19-21, doi: 10.1007/s12104-012-9444-4


  • Useable diffraction data from a multiple microdomain-containing crystal of Ascaris suum As-p18 fatty-acid-binding protein using a microfocus beamline. 
    Gabrielsen, M; Riboldi-Tunnicliffe, A; Ibáñez-Shimabukuro, M; Griffiths, K; Roe, A. J; Cooper, A; Smith, B. O; Córsico, B; Kennedy, M. W. 
    2012. Acta Crystallogr Sect F Struct Biol Cryst Commun. 68(Pt 8): 939-41, doi: 10.1107/S1744309112026553


  • Two crystal forms of a helix-rich fatty acid- and retinol-binding protein, Na-FAR-1, from the parasitic nematode Necator americanus. 
    Gabrielsen, M; Rey-Burusco, M. F; Griffiths, K; Roe, A. J; Cooper, A; Smith, B. O; Kennedy, M. W; Corsico, B. 
    2012. Acta Crystallogr Sect F Struct Biol Cryst Commun. 68(Pt 7): 835-8, doi: 10.1107/S1744309112023597.
  • Direct interaction between EgFABP1, a fatty acid binding protein fromEchinococcus granulosus, and phospholipid membranes. 
    Porfido, J. L; Alvite, G; Silva, V; Kennedy, M. W; Estevez, A; Corsico, B. 
    2012. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 6(11): e1893, doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0001893

Book - Book chapters

  • Análisis estructural y funcional de macromoléculas. 
    Córsico, B; Falomir-Lockhart, L. J; Franchini, G. R; Scaglia, N. 
    2013. La Plata. Libro de Catedra. Edulp, p. 422. ISBN 978-950-34-1057-8
  • Microscopía Óptica.
    Falomir Lockhart, L. J; Fuentes, F; Córsico, B; Franchini, G. R; Scaglia, N. 
    2013. Capítulo 13. Microscopía Óptica. La Plata: EDULP, 2013. p. 365-416. ISBN 978-950-34-1057-8
  • Fluorescencia. 
    De Gerónimo, E; Falomir Lockhart, L. J; Córsico, B; Franchini, Gr; Scaglia, N.
    2013. Capítulo 2. Fluorescencia. La Plata: EDULP, 2013. p. 39-77. ISBN 978-950-34-1057-8
  • Interaccion Proteina Proteina. 
    Rodriguez Sawicki, L; Bottasso, N; Córsico, B; Franchini, G; Falomir Lockhart, L. J; Scaglia, N. 
    2013. La Plata: EDULP, 2013. p. 299-342

Awards

  • “Premio mejor trabajo” 
    Academia Nacional de Farmacia y Bioquímica. Jornadas de la Sección Bioquímica de la Academia. Herramientas Modernas para el Estudio de Aspectos Estructurales de Proteínas”. 2009. Structural and biophysical analysis of novel lipid binding proteins from parasitic helminths. 
    Ibañez, M; Rey F; Pórfido, J; Silva, V; Franchini, G. R; Córsico, B.





INIBIOLP - Instituto de Investigaciones Bioquímicas de La Plata "Profesor Doctor Rodolfo R. Brenner"
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas - Facultad de Ciencias Médicas - U.N.L.P.
Avenida 60 y 120 - C.P. 1900 La Plata - Prov. de Buenos Aires - Argentina. Tel. 54-221-4824894 - Fax. 54-221-4258988 - E-mail :